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Democratic government is characterised by the separation of powers.There are ‘checks and balances’ within our political system that limit the power of each branch in order to prevent the abuse of power. This system divides the state into three bran…
The legislature (Parliament) is the representative of the people of South Africa. It consists of two Houses: the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces. Parliament creates, amends or repeals laws, and monitors the executive.The 400…
Elections are a central feature of democracy. For elections to express the will of the electorate, they must be ‘free and fair’.‘Free’ means that all those entitled to vote have the right to be registered and to vote and must be free to make their …
Democracy is the most successful political idea in the world. Democracy allows ordinary people a decisive say in who governs a country and how they govern it. It is based on a system of government by all the citizens of a country, typically exercis…
A political party can be thought of as an organisation of people who share similar ideas and values about how a country should be governed.They provide vehicles for citizens to come together to campaign for public office, and to express their inter…
Respect for human rights is a central feature of democracy. They promote the democratic values of human dignity, freedom and equality before the law. The South African Bill of Rights is the cornerstone of our democracy, and outlines our rights.Huma…
Inflation is a general increase in the level of prices of all goods and services in a country. A once-off increase in the prices of individual products or services, for instance a petrol price hike, cannot be regarded as inflation. This is often …
We often hear that ‘the government makes all the decisions’ or that the ‘government will build schools and hospitals’. But do we know what ‘government’ really means and what it actually is responsible for?Government normally consists of ‘legislator…
Money is a commodity used for payment in exchange for goods and services. In South Africa we think of money as rands and cents and prices are expressed in these terms.In South Africa commercial banks issued banknotes until 1922, when the function …
What separates democracies from all other types of political systems is that government is based on the consent of the citizens. That means that the people and parties who run government are elected by us, the citizens. In turn, this means that we …
Governments provide public services such as police services and roads to the public. The government also pays the salaries of civil servants. The public does not pay directly for these goods and services or for the time of public servants when they…
A central bank has unique powers that differentiate it from other commercial banks. Some of these powers, which influence the public in an immediate and direct way, include the setting of interest rates, the issuance of currency and the management…
Justice is what we as a society regard as “right” based on our moral concepts of ethics, rationality, law, religion, equity and fairness. Justice needs to be in the light of the democratic principle of the ‘rule of law’. The rule of law is a concep…
Civic education empowers us to be well-informed, active citizens and gives us the opportunity to change the world around us. It is a vital part of any democracy, and equips ordinary people with knowledge about our democracy and our Constitution.Civ…
The word democracy comes from ancient Greek, with ‘demos’ meaning ‘the people’ and ‘kratos’ meaning ‘to rule’. So its literal meaning is rule by the people.In simple terms, democracy means that the people are entitled to influence important decisio…
After the end of Apartheid in South Africa, there was the need to establish a democratic system of government that upholds human rights, dignity, freedom and equality of all people. Such a democratic system is best implemented and guaranteed by mea…
In a democracy voters elect members of parliament to represent their interests. Members of parliament are usually called ‘MPs’. MPs provide a crucial link between government and the people. As MPs are elected representatives, they must be accountab…
Democracies are characterised by the separation of functions and powers between the three branches of government: the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The three branches check each others’ powers.The judiciary is the third branch of th…
A bank is a financial company with special functions and powers, including the taking of deposits and the issuing of loans. Banks are not simply registered as companies, but as institutions that can perform these powers and functions, and they hav…
The executive is the branch of democratic government that is constituted by the Cabinet, which is the President, Deputy President and the Ministers, and also the Deputy Ministers.The branch is responsible for the day-to-day administration and carry…
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Podcast Details
Started
Feb 5th, 2018
Latest Episode
Feb 5th, 2018
No. of Episodes
20
Avg. Episode Length
7 minutes

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