TTMIK Level 6 Lesson 25

Released Monday, 3rd October 2011
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In this lesson, let us take a look at how to say that something is easy or difficult to do. To say this, you need to use the noun form of verbs, ending with -기. To be easy to + V = -기 쉽다To be difficult to + V = -기 어렵다"Verb stem + -기" is a noun form, therefore in principle, there has to be a marker after it, but in the forms above, the marker is dropped. Which markers were dropped? It depends on the context, but -기 쉽다/어렵다 can be either originally -기에 쉽다/어렵다 or originally -기가 쉽다/어렵다. -기에 쉽다/어렵다When you use the marker -에, it means that something is easy/difficult FOR + V-ing. -기가 쉽다/어렵다When you use the marker -가, it means that "DOING something" is easy/difficult.Let's look at some examples.Example #1제 이름은 발음하기(가) 어려워요.[je i-reu-meun ba-reum-ha-gi-ga eo-ryeo-wo-yo.]= My name is difficult to pronounce.= As for my name, pronouncing it is difficult.Example #2이건 만들기(가) 어려워요.[i-geon man-deul-gi-ga eo-ryeo-wo-yo.]= This is difficult to make.= As for this, making it is difficult.Example #3이건 어린이가 사용하기(에) 어려워요.[i-geon eo-ri-ni-ga sa-yong-ha-gi-e eo-ryeo-wo-yo.]= This is difficult for a child to use.= Using this is difficult for a child. ** In this example, since the subject of the verb 사용하다 is 어린이 and 어린이 is followed by -가, the subject marker, it sounds rather repetitive to use -가 again, so in this kind of sentence, people tend to use -에 instead of -가 before 쉬워요/어려워요.Example #4사용하기가 쉬워요.[sa-yong-ha-gi-ga swi-wo-yo.]= It's easy to use.사용하기에 쉬워요.[sa-yong-ha-gi-e swi-wo-yo.]= Using it is easy. ** In this case, -가 쉬워요 and -에 쉬워요 both work because the sentences are short. In all of the above sentences, you can drop -가 or -에 from -기가 or -기에. 1. 제 이름은 발음하기가 어려워요. --> 제 이름은 발음하기 어려워요.2. 이건 만들기가 어려워요. --> 이건 만들기 어려워요.3. 이건 어린이가 사용하기에 어려워요. --> 이건 어린이가 사용하기 어려워요.4. 사용하기가 쉬워요. --> 사용하기 쉬워요.5. 사용하기에 쉬워요. --> 사용하기 쉬워요.Other words can also be used with "Verb stem + -기(가/에)".Examples-기(가) 편리하다 / -기(에) 편리하다= to be convenient to + V / to be convenient for + V-ing-기(가) 좋다 / -기(에) 좋다= to be good to + V / to be good for + V-ing-기(가) 불편하다 / -기(에) 불편하다= to be inconvenient to + V / to be inconvenient for + V-ing

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