In this lesson, let us take a look at how to say things like "I said so!", "I told you!", "I told you that this is...", or "I said that I am ..." in Korean, repeating and emphasizing what you have already said before. In Korean, the key ending you need to use to express this is -다니까(요)/-라니까(요). This is not only used to repeat what you have said before, but also to make your point clear by emphasizing it one more time. For a review of how to say "I said that I ..." in a more neutral tone, check out Level 6, Lesson 11.
Using -다니까(요) with Verbs
In the present tense, descriptive verbs and action verbs are followed by different endings.
After descriptive verbs, you just add -다니까(요).
바쁘다 [ba-ppeu-da] = to be busy
바쁘 + 다니까요 [ba-ppeu-da-ni-kka-yo] = I told you I'm busy. / I said I'm busy.
- 바쁘다니까요! (polite/formal)
- 바쁘다니까! (casual)
After action verbs, you add -(느)ㄴ다니까(요). You add -는다니까(요) after a verb stem ending with a consonant and -ㄴ다니까(요) after a verb stem ending with a vowel.
모르다 [mo-reu-da] = to not know
모르 + -ㄴ다니까요 [mo-reun-da-ni-kka-yo] = I told you I don't know. / I said I don't know.
- 모른다니까요! (polite/formal)
- 모른다니까! (casual)
먹다 [meok-da] = to eat
먹 + -는다니까요 [meok-neun-da-ni-kka-yo] = I told you I am going to eat. / I said I'm eating.
- 먹는다니까요! (polite/formal)
- 먹는다니까! (casual)
In the past tense, both descriptive verbs and action verbs are followed by the same suffixes, -았/었/였 and then -다니까(요).
몰랐다니까요. [mol-lat-da-ni-kka-yo.] = I said I didn't know.
벌써 다 했다니까요. [beol-sseo da haet-da-ni-kka-yo.] = I told you I already did it all.
진짜 맛있었다니까요. [jin-jja ma-si-sseot-da-ni-kka-yo.] = I told you it was really delicious.
Using -(이)라니까(요) with Nouns
After nouns, you need to add -(이)라니까(요). You add -이라니까(요) after nouns ending with a consonant and -라니까(요) after nouns ending with a vowel. Since the future tense is expressed through "verb stem + -을 거" and the word 거 is a noun, the future tense is also followed by -라니까(요).
학생 [hak-saeng] = student
학생 + -이라니까요 [hak-saeng-i-ra-ni-kka-yo] = I said I'm a student.
가다 [ga-da] = to go
갈 거예요 [gal geo-ye-yo] = I will go.
갈 거라니까요 [gal geo-ra-ni-kka-yo] = I told you I'm going to go.
Using -(으)라니까(요) with Imperative
With imperatives, you need to add -(으)라니까(요) after the verb stem. You add -으라니까(요) after verb stems ending with a consonant and -라니까(요) after verb stems ending with a vowel.
보다 [boda] = to look
보 + -라니까(요) = I said look!
잡다 [jap-da] = to grab
잡 + -(으)라니까(요) = I said grab it!
1. 빨리 오라니까요. [ppal-li o-ra-ni-kka-yo.]
= I said, come here quickly!
2. 알았다니까요! [a-rat-da-ni-kka-yo!]
= I said I got it!
= I said I understood!
3. 제가 안 했다니까요. [je-ga an haet-da-ni-kka-yo.]
= I said I didn't do it!
4. 저는 죄가 없다니까요. [jeo-neun joe-ga eop-da-ni-kka-yo.]
= I told you I'm innocent.
5. 혼자 갈 거라니까요. [hon-ja gal geo-ra-ni-kka-yo.]
= I said I'm going alone!
6. 저는 정말 몰랐다니까요. [jeo-neun jeong-mal mol-lat-da-ni-kka-yo.]
= I said I really didn't know.
7. 매일 운동한다니까요. [mae-il un-dong-han-da-ni-kka-yo.]
= I said I exercise everyday.
8. 다음달부터 열심히 공부할 거라니까요. [da-eum-dal-bu-teo yeol-si-mi gong-bu-hal geo-ra-ni-kka-yo.]
= I said I'm going to study hard starting next month!
9. 그럴 수도 있다니까요. [geu-reol su-do it-da-ni-kka-yo.]
= I said it's possible too.
10. 공부 좀 하라니까요. [gong-bu jom ha-ra-ni-kka-yo.]
= I said, “do some studying!”