TTMIK Level 8 Lesson 4

Released Thursday, 12th April 2012
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You have already learned several ways to express past actions in Korean, such as using the -았/었/였어요 sentence ending for plain past tense sentences and -(으)ㄴ verb ending to modify a noun with an action verb. In this lesson, we are introducing something that is similar to -(으)ㄴ, but a little bit different.-던 = N + that (someone) used to + VWhen you add -던 at the end of a verb stem, it expresses that you “used to” do or be something. The difference between -(으)ㄴ and -던 is that -던 implies that the past action or state did not continue or get completed.For example, with the verb 가다 (to go), if you say “간 곳”, it means a place that “you went to” in the past, but if you say “가던 곳”, it means that “you used to go there” but somehow, the act of going there came to an end and did not continue.With the verb 보다 (to see), if you say “본 영화”, it means a move that you “watched” before, but if you say “보던 영화”, it implies that you did not finish it.-던 and -았/었/였던With action verbs, it is sufficient to just say -던, but you can make the meaning of the past tense stronger by adding -았/었/였. With descriptive verbs, it is almost always more natural to use -았/었/였던.Ex)예쁘던

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10m 51s

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