Photo: English: THE KREMLIN, MOSCOW. President Putin with Mikhail Khodorkovsky
, chairman of the board of the Yukos oil company. Русский: МОСКВА, КРЕМЛЬ. С председателем правления нефтяной компании «ЮКОС» Михаилом Ходорковским.
In October 2003, he was arrested by Russian authorities and charged with fraud. The government under Russian president Vladimir Putin
then froze shares of Yukos shortly thereafter on tax charges; Khodorkovsky was thrown in prison, maltreated, and had his entire fortune seized by Putin and associates. He's been described by The Economist
as "the Kremlin's leading critic-in-exile".
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Putin's Kleptocracy: 4of4: Who Owns Russia? by Karen Dawisha, Hardcover – September 30, 2014
The raging question in the world today is who is the real Vladimir Putin and what are his intentions. Karen Dawisha's brilliant Putin's Kleptocracy provides an answer, describing how Putin got to power, the cabal he brought with him, the billions they have looted, and his plan to restore Greater Russia.
The Russian scholar Dawisha describes and exposes the origins of Putin's kleptocratic regime. She presents he became president in 2000. She documents the establishment of Bank Rossiya, now sanctioned by the US; the rise of the Ozero cooperative, founded by Putin and others who are now subject to visa bans and asset freezes; the links between Putin, Petromed, and Putin's palace near Sochi; and the role of security officials from Putin's KGB days in Leningrad and Dresden, many of whom have maintained their contacts with Russian organized crime.
Putin's Kleptocracy is the result of years of research into the KGB and the various Russian crime syndicates. Dawisha's sources include Stasi archives; Russian insiders; investigative journalists in the US, Britain, Germany, Finland, France, and Italy; and Western officials who served in Moscow. Russian journalists wrote part of this story when the Russian media was still free. Many of them died for this story, and their work has largely been scrubbed from the Internet, and even from Russian libraries, Dawisha says. But some of that work remains.